Appendix: Inflammation Requires Surgery for Extraction
What is Appendix
The appendix is a vermiform tube that starts from the first part of the large intestine and is located in the lower right region of the abdomen.
Humans and monkeys are the only living beings that have an appendix. It is not clear which function it performs. However, we know that it has a large amount of lymphoid tissue, important to act as a defense against local infections.
For reasons not yet well known, the appendix can become infected, especially in children, adolescents and young adults. This infectious condition is known as appendicitis. Symptoms are: aches and cramps in the region between the right side of the pelvis and navel, fever, nausea, vomiting, constipation and diarrhea.
The treatment of appendicitis is the removal of the appendix through surgery. This surgical intervention should be rapid, because if the appendix wall ruptures, the infection can spread throughout the abdominal cavity and cause peritonitis (inflammation of the abdominal wall). Acute peritonitis, without proper treatment, can lead to death.