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Bones: Several Important Functions in the Human Body
Bones, like every skeletal system, perform functions of the utmost importance to the functioning of the human body.
Main Functions of Bones and Skeletal System:
- body support;
- Impact protection. Several bones protect important organs of the human body. A good example is the skull bones that protects the brain;
- Fundamental performance in locomotion (movement) of human beings;
- Energy storage: triglycerides are stored in fat cells of yellow bone marrow;
- Production of blood cells: the red bone marrow, present in the inner part of some bones, manufactures leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets;
- Mineral storage: Bone tissue is responsible for storing some minerals of fundamental importance to the human body, such as phosphorus and calcium. When the need for these minerals occurs, the bones release them enabling homeostasis (mineral balance).