General

Urinary System Functions



Urinary System: Functions of Extreme Importance to the Human Body

Introduction

The urinary system of humans is composed of kidneys, ureters, urethra and urinary bladder. It performs functions of utmost importance for the proper functioning of our body.

Functions:

- Produce, store (in the bladder) and eliminate urine;

- Eliminate, through the urine, waste that is not used by the body;

- Regulate the volume and chemical composition of the blood;

- Assist in the production and regulation of red blood cells (red blood cells);

- Provide the balance of minerals (sodium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, etc.).

Functions specific to each component of the Urinary System:

Kidneys

- Blood filtration, regulating its volume and composition;

- Acts in the regulation of pH and blood pressure;

- excrete waste;

- Production of hormones.

Ureters

- Lead urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

Urinary bladder

- Store urine and release it into the urethra.

Urethra

- Eliminate the urine.