Vegetable Kingdom: Also known as Plantae
Introduction (what it is)
The Vegetable Kingdom, scientifically known as Plantae, is made up of approximately 300,000 known species, among which are many types of herbs, trees, shrubs, microscopic plants, etc.
The organisms that make up this kingdom are mostly autotrophic, that is, beings whose cellular organization relies on chloroplasts (organelles specializing in the production of organic matter from inorganic matter, including solar energy). Its cells have a cell wall formed by cellulose.
The kingdom Plantae, is composed of organisms capable of producing their own food. Regardless, however, they have specific needs for certain nutrients present only in the soil, such as minerals.
Their own food production takes place through photosynthesis (a process by which plants absorb solar energy to produce their own energy). This occurs through the action of chlorophyll in their chloroplasts.
However, there are many plant species that are unable to produce their own food, so they act parasitically, extracting from them other nutrients necessary for their survival.
Importance of plants
Plants are extremely important for the continuity of life on our planet. Without them, other living beings in the food chain would not be able to obtain the energy necessary for their survival.
They are considered the first link in the chain, as they support all others (animals, fungi, bacteria and protists).
Did you know?
Not included in the Plantae Kingdom are brown algae, red algae and various unicellular or colonial autotrophic organisms.