Pollination: important in plant reproduction
Pollination is the transport of pollen grains from one flower to another, or to its own stigma. It is through this process that flowers reproduce.
Pollen transfer can occur in two ways: through the help of living things (bees, butterflies, beetles, bats, birds, etc.) that carry pollen from one flower to another, or by environmental factors (through wind or Water).
In addition to these two ways, there is also self-pollination, meaning the flower gets its own pollen. However, there are cases where she rejects him; In these situations, gene exchange with other flowers will occur, resulting in a variation of the species.
However, some species use their own pollen to produce seeds and ensure the stability of their population (variation will not occur here, as there will be no mixing of genes).
There are some species, such as Gymnosperms, where, in most cases, pollination is anemophilous (through the wind). This is believed to be due to the evolution of this species (when they could not count on insects specialized in pollen collection, such as bees). Due to this, this species has a poor morphological variation in its reproductive structures.
It is impossible not to miss the beauty and the huge variety of flowers in nature, this diversity is only possible thanks to the population of pollen-collecting insects such as bees, butterflies, moths, birds and mammals.