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Bacterial Diseases

Bacterial Diseases


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Mycobacterium tuberculosis: bacteria that cause pulmonary tuberculosis (microscope image)

Introduction

Many types of bacteria that settle in the human body can cause disease. These bacteria can penetrate the human body in a variety of ways (body cuts, insect bites, contaminated food, air and water).

Major diseases and bacteria causing

- Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacillus.

- Leprosy (leprosy): Hansen bacillus (Mycobacterium lepra).

- Diphtheria: diphtheric bacillus.

- Pertussis (pertussis): Bordetella pertussis bacteria

- Whipple's disease: Tropheryma whipplei bacteria.

- Bacterial pneumonia: Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria.

- Scarlet fever: Streptococcus pyogenes.

- Tetanus: Tetanus bacillus (Clostridium tetani)

- Tularemia: caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis

- Leptospirosis: Leptospira interrogans.

- Trachoma: Chlamydia trachomatis.

- Gonorrhea: Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria

- Lyme disease: caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi

- Syphilis: Treponema pallidum bacteria.

- Carbuncle (anthrax): Bacillus anthracis bacteria

- Spotted Fever: bacteria: Rickettsia rickettsii

- Meningococcal meningitis: bacteria called meningococcus.

- Cholera: Vibrio cholerae bacteria

- Typhoid: Salmonella typhi